What comes into your mind when you hear the word “mobile application”? Usually, you would think that they are programs that you use on a smartphone such as the Apple iPhone. Well then, your definition sounds right. Mobile applications are simply defined as programs designed for phone use. Games, mobile marketing software, and even fun applications have been installed by users for various purposes. With the rising popularity of smartphones, people have been using mobile applications several years. Some people would say that mobile applications are a factor to make mobile phones, along with tablet personal computers, as future replacements for desktop and laptop computers, audio/music players, and radios as consumer gadgets. If that statement is true, then mobile programs will soon become part of the daily lives of people.
How is a phone-based application made? To answer that question, it requires mobile software development tools that use various programming languages such as C, Pascal, and C++. These languages may be too old for creating various computer programs today but their existence continues because software developers find their codes reliable to use on smaller handheld devices like cell phones. The development tools are used to create controls and codes for programs, and in order for them to be tested to ensure quality control and functionality, device supporting platforms are used. In order for you to familiarize with mobile application development, here are the commonly used tools and platforms.
Sun Microsystems, now owned by Oracle Corporation, introduces a Java development tool called Java Platform, Micro Edition (ME). Its source code was authorized under the GNU General Public License in December 22, 2006. Java ME features the Connected Limited Device Configuration, which consists of a subgroup of the Java-class libraries and is the important requirement for a Java virtual machine to function. As of 2010, there are 2.1 billion phones and handheld devices that are operating using Java, making the programming language one of the most popular for mobile program development.
Microsoft has created its mobile development platform, Windows Mobile, wherein C and C++ languages are used for developing codes. It’s latest release, Windows Phone 7, uses the C# language in contrast to its predecessors. Some Sony Ericsson and Palm mobile devices use Windows Mobile as their operating systems. The platform was also used for the now-cancelled smartphone of Windows, the Kin.
Other popular platforms include the Android, a Linux-based mobile operating system created by Google. Smartphones made by Samsung and LG widely used the Android operating systems due to their flexibility and speed. Apple has also created the iOS as a development platform for iPhone applications.
Mobile application development has contributed to the evolution of programming and software development. This trend has contributed to the increasing number of jobs worldwide in the information technology sector, as more and more companies seek to mobile software to improve business processes through the use of phones and tablet PCs. Speaking of tablet PCs, the Apple iPad has been widely used by millions of people since its release in 2010. Combining the rising sales of iPad with smartphones, the demand for new mobile applications has gradually increased on a global scale. Mobile software has become the “it” trend in the 21st century.
Source by Lindsey Jenkins